In July 1993 cartoonist Peter Steiner sat at his desk, trying to think of a clever caption for one of many cartoons he created for the New Yorker. The cartoon had no defined, intended meaning. It just looked silly, and it was silly. With two dogs - one on the floor, looking up at the other sitting on a chair, typing on a desktop computer - it couldn't have ever been anything other than silly.
In Peter's own words I did the drawing of these dogs at the computer like one of those make-up-a-caption contests. There wasn't any profound tapping into the zeitgeist. I guess, though, when you tap into the zeitgeist you don't necessarily know you're doing it.
On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog turned out to be the most reprinted cartoon ever published by the New Yorker, earning them and Peter Steiner hundreds of thousands of dollars in licencing fees. $200 of that came from Bill Gates, to include it in his 1995 book The Road Ahead.
Eventually, inevitably, the cartoon was anointed with meaning. Or, as it turns out, meanings.
Most of those meanings came from people who considered the internet an anonymous place, rife with scammers, trolls and catfish. The 1990's internet was populated mostly by people who created accounts and communicated through usernames and aliases, not real names. This was long before Facebook changed all that with their real name policy. Anonymity was a bad thing, and the internet was lambasted for encouraging it. Oh, how the tables have turned.
Yet, others had a very different interpretation of the cartoon. Optimists saw the cartoon as a metaphor for the democratization of the internet, and of the tools to access and use it.
Remember that Bill Gates book I mentioned earlier? The Road Ahead? When Bill wrote it, he got pretty excited about the prospect of a democratized internet. In his own words:
The information highway will extend the electronic app marketplaces and make it the ultimate go-between, the universal middleman. Often the only humans involved in a transaction will be the actual buyer and seller. All the goods for sale in the world will be available for you to examine, compare, and, often, customize. It will be a shopper's heaven.
No wonder Bill was willing to cough up $200 to use a fun, dog friendly cartoon from the New Yorker for his new book. There could be no better way to bring his future internet app store heaven to life.
Before the 1990s, the internet was the exclusive domain of academics, government engineers, or people who worked for NASA, CERN, and other acronyms. A small, elite club.
Internet-savvy dogs were a metaphor for the other 5.5 billion humans on earth at the time. Extend the power of the internet to them. Let them be who they want to be, learn what they want to learn, and create what they want to create. Today, 4.4 billion of the 7.7 billion people living on our planet have access to the internet, often through an Android App on a Mobile Device. The power is in our hands - quite literally, with each mobile application we use - for better or worse.
These days, the metaphor still applies, but the dogs are different.
In our Software-as-a-Service world, it feels almost every app store still acts like the pre-1990s internet. Many ecosystems in our world are still the preserve of the wealthy or well-funded. Some are populated solely by IPO'd or heavily venture funded companies, selling software to equally wealthy peers for a starting price of hundreds of thousands of dollars a year. If de-democratization is a word, these platforms are a perfect descriptor.
Even worse, in these app marketplaces there are no dogs. Instead, they're small, elite clubs.
However, things are changing - fast. Platforms like Atlassian and Shopify have removed barriers from and between those that need software, and those that need to integrate or build on it. Freemium models, transparent pricing, great customer service, and free, easy to use tools for developers are disrupting the world of SaaS, accelerating the consumerization of the enterprise in the process. Building platform market share through each app store is easier than ever.
With over 3,000 apps available to potential customers through each open platform, Atlassian and Shopify's app marketplaces are the epitome of democratization in action. A diverse choice of certain apps, available to anyone, anywhere, and at a low cost, with a fast authorised payment via various payment types including credit card - or no cost at all.
Their creators are increasingly diverse. A vast amount of apps in each app store were built by bootstrapped or self-funded developers. These builders of each deep integration are the dogs of SaaS. With reviews and ratings built-in to every app store, customers decide which dogs win or lose. The power is in their hands, especially if the app marketplaces they visit are availalble on their mobile operating system, across all sized mobile device screens.
In Atlassian’s view, a strong ecosystem is “Why we win.”
Enabling and aggregating these numerous apps is a good business, too. One of my favourite slides from Atlassian's 2019 Investor Session calls out Strong Ecosystem as a reason Atlassian win. Another slide mentions revenue from the Atlassian App Store is growing, and a majority of this revenue is recurring, generated through direct debit or online invoices. Product development of integrated applications available through Atlassian's Software Marketplace hit an annualised run-rate of over $100m in 2017. Shopify hit the same run-rate through their App Store in 2018. Democratization of enterprise apps with a strong user experience - everything from time tracking to document management, project management and everything in between - can quickly become a very profitable business model.
Of course, everyone at HubSpot has been busy removing barriers, too. Our freemium-flywheel motions are going well. We continue to create value before we extract from potential users, with over 400,000 weekly active users of our free CRM, and almost 65,000 customers paying us each month.
In the new App Marketplace , we're also welcoming more dogs than ever.
Take a moment to visit the New apps collection on the App Marketplace, and you'll find a list of 24 apps, free or reasonably priced, many of them created by developers you've never heard of before. A significant number were bootstrapped or self-funded. Some were created solely to serve the needs of a core target audience - HubSpot customers. In other words, they might not exist if HubSpot did not exist. A significant majority have high customer satisfaction ratings, extend the core product value of HubSpot, include simple installation instructions, and have carefully considered their permissions based on best practices from data protection authorities. Some are optimised for use on a mobile phone, too - whether an app for Windows Mobile or an Android app, you'll find what you need on the HubSpot Application store - just as you would through Google Apps or the iTunes store.
They definitely wouldn't exist if we had excluded the dogs that created them from our territory.
True App Marketplaces act as centres of gravity for new, open app economies that embrace diversity, reward transparency, data security and customer support, and provide equal opportunities for creators to connect and transact with consumers based on merit - whether or not they're well known, or well funded. All dogs are treated equally.
After all, on the true App Marketplaces, nobody knows you're a dog.
And, as long as you build great apps that customers love, nobody really cares if you actually are a dog.